Three-hundred and sixty degree feedback -- also known as multi-rater feedback -- is an excellent diagnostic and development tool for education leadership development with public schools and school districts. Not only do those who are new to educational leadership develop a more comprehensive and accurate self-image, the school leadership framework we utilize helps them develop a much deeper understanding of the commitments of leadership.
Within our 360-degree feedback framework, K-12 educational leaders are provided with insights into their leadership practices by other principals, their faculty and their district-level supervisors and key contacts. The 360-degree feedback tool is also a great tool for coaching elementary principals and secondary principals by using quantifiable data received from teachers, other faculty members, and other principals. Tools of these types help to take the subjectivity out of school principal assessments.
360-degree feedback is an approach to gathering opinions about a leader's performance from a wide range of coworkers. Typically, this includes peers, direct reports, the principal and/or central office leadership, and perhaps students, parents and community members if applicable. This type of data provides the recipient with a wide range of perceptions and can form the basis for leadership coaching and development.
The Center conducts 360-degree feedback projects for a variety of individuals. Most typically we conduct 360-degree surveys for principals, assistant principals and – at the secondary level – department chairs. The survey results are often supplemented with an executive debriefing session or – in some instances – ongoing one-on-one coaching over the course of a series of monthly or bi-monthly consultations.
The Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI)
A favorite tool of our is the Leadership Practices Inventory created as part of Jim Kouzes and Barry Posner's ground-breaking research into leadership. The results of their research is the basis for their book "The Leadership Challenge" and the LPI or Leadership Practices Inventory. .
The Leadership Challenge
Initially written in 1987, The Leadership Challenge by Jim Kouzes and Barry Posner explores the leadership model which is based upon The Five Practices of Exemplary Leadership which emerged from decades of research into leadership experiences based on ordinary people who experienced extraordinary results.
LPI Feedback Tool
Over its nearly 20-year history, the LPI has become the most popular "off-the-shelf" leadership instrument in the world, used by nearly one million leaders worldwide. Repeated analysis of the instrument has proven it to be a reliable and valid measure of a leader's effectiveness. But most important to its creators, the results have also shown that leadership is understandable and learnable.
Application in K12 Education
The Center has applied this leadership model and 360-feedback instrument repeatedly with educational leaders with tremendously positive results. While not designed for any specific industry segment, this leadership model can be utilized seamlessly in K12 education; each of the leadership practices maps directly into the leadership requirements of schools and school districts.
Peers often have a unique and overlooked perspective. Typically they can be the least biased and provide input to the participant that is far different than that provided by others.
Providing a safe environment for subordinates to provide feedback will furnish the leader with perhaps the most important perspective: that of their direct reports.
Focus of supervisor input in the 360 degree framework is on observed practices and growth opportunities rather than more typical reviews that are evaluative - versus developmental in nature.